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BMW will invest more than £600mn to produce electric Mini cars in Oxford, safeguarding the historic plant and delivering a vote of confidence in the UK’s auto industry.
The investment by the German carmaker at the site in Cowley will be backed by about £75mn of taxpayer funds, according to people familiar with the matter. Production of two new models will begin in 2026, though BMW plans to import batteries for the cars from either Europe or China.
The plant’s future has been under threat since BMW said last year that it would cease production of the first electric Mini model there, leaving the factory reliant on petrol cars, which the German group has promised to phase out by 2030.
Under the plan to be announced later on Monday, BMW will manufacture two new electric models, the 3-door Mini Cooper and the new, smaller Mini Aceman at Oxford, the people said.
The two models are based on a system developed by BMW and China’s Great Wall Motor, and will also be produced in China at a new jointly-owned plant from next year.
Prime Minister Rishi Sunak hailed the decision by BMW as “another shining example of how the UK is the best place to build cars of the future”.
The move by BMW is a much-needed fillip for Britain’s car industry. Production has fallen by 40 per cent since the start of the pandemic, following plant closures, global parts shortages and decisions by some manufacturers to shift models overseas, though electric production has increased because of rising demand.
The government has set aside £1bn to try to spur investment in battery technology and to attract new manufacturers such as Tesla. Despite recent investments from JLR and its owners Tata Motors, as well as Nissan, Stellantis and now BMW, none of the new major entrants has decided to build in the UK.
China’s BYD said earlier this year that Brexit meant the UK was not even in the top 10 locations as it considered a site for a European plant.
The fresh investment will also allay fears over the strategic importance of Cowley to BMW. As well as making the same electric Mini models in China with Great Wall, BMW will also make the Mini Countryman, its high-riding version, in Leipzig in Germany.
BMW is expected to say that the investment in Oxford strengthens its commitment to the UK, where it also owns an engine factory in Hams Hall, a metalworks plant in Swindon and the luxury car brand Rolls-Royce.
The move by BMW comes as the UK’s car plants seek investment to build for electric models as the industry shifts from traditional combustion engines.
Last week, Vauxhall owner Stellantis began producing electric vans at Ellesmere Port, following an investment of about £100mn that saved the site from closure.
JLR is investing about £15bn in new electric models to be built in the UK, while parent group Tata this summer announced a £4bn investment into a new battery plant, which will use Chinese technology at first, to support JLR’s electric models.
Nissan, which runs the UK’s largest car plant, has invested about £1bn with its battery partner AESC, which is owned by China’s Envision. The Japanese group has committed to producing at least one new electric model in Sunderland. The FT reported earlier this year that the company was looking at future models for the site as well.